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密歇根新闻广播(MP3+文本):拉丁语名词

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优乐娱乐参考文本(文本与音频不全一致,敬请谅解):
A new high school in Utah is worried about the plural form of their mascot, the phoenix.
Sure, "phoenixes" is perfectly innocuous. But parents were concerned about the other option: phoenices.
If you don't see the issue, go ahead and say that one out loud.
The school's principal said the team name would always be singular, similar to the Miami Heat or the Orlando Magic. Still, this got us wondering about other Latin plurals.
Just like phoenix, there's no reason you can't put "es" on the end to get "indexes." In fact, that's what you'll see in most common usage. But if we're talking Latin plurals, "index" becomes "indices."
TWTS.jpgNot a fan? You're not alone. In his guide, Modern American Usage, Bryan Garner says "indices" is "high falutin and pretentious." It's not quite as pretentious as using "fora" as the plural form of "forum," Garner says, but he still doesn't like it.
Despite Garner's charming assessment, "indices" is still pretty common in scientific usage. For example, in statistics, if you're comparing a value to a standard, you'll get indices. In math, indices are a way to express large numbers.
Here's another one -- how do you make "focus" plural? Again, adding the "es" suffix is perfectly acceptable. But most standard dictionaries include both "focuses" and the Latin plural "foci."
That presents another question -- how do you say "foci"?
If you pronounce it with an "s" sound in the middle and a long "i" sound at the end, you're right. If you pronounce it with a "k" sound in the middle and a long "i" at the end, you're also right. Just like the two plural forms, most standard dictionaries include both pronunciations.
Are there other words that give you pause when it comes to pluralization? Let us know atrkruth@umich.eduoracurzan@umich.edu.
重点单词   查看全部解释    
garner ['gɑ:nə]
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v. 贮藏,积累,得到 n. 谷仓 Garner: 加纳
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assessment [ə'sesmənt]
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n. 估价,评估
 
innocuous [i'nɔkjuəs]
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adj. 无害的,无毒的,无关痛痒的
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pretentious [pri'tenʃəs]
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adj. 自负的,自命不凡的,炫耀的
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singular ['siŋgjulə]
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adj. 个人的,单数的,独一的,唯一的,非凡的
 
concerned [kən'sə:nd]
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adj. 担忧的,关心的
 
charming ['tʃɑ:miŋ]
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adj. 迷人的
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acceptable [ək'septəbl]
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adj. 合意的,受欢迎的,可接受的
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issue ['iʃju:]
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n. 发行物,期刊号,争论点
vi. & vt
 
option ['ɔpʃən]
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n. 选择权,可选物,优先购买权
v. 给予选
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