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密歇根新闻广播(MP3+文本):家养鸡可能导致沙门氏菌大爆发

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优乐娱乐参考文本(文本与音频不全一致,敬请谅解):Keeping backyard chickens is getting more popular in Michigan, as more communities decide to let residents maintain backyard coops.

Megan Nichols is a public health veterinarian with the Centers for Disease Control. She says keeping backyard chickens is linked to salmonella outbreaks.

“In 2017 we’ve seen 10 outbreaks with 790 people who have become sick … with salmonella, and these illnesses have happened in 48 states and the District of Columbia,” Nichols said. “It is the largest multi-state, live poultry-associated salmonella outbreak that we’ve ever seen.”
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Nichols said more than a third of people sickened are children under the age of five. The effects of salmonella are worse in young children, possibly resulting in hospitalization or death.

Interviews with people who got sick led the CDC to blame backyard chickens.

“We saw a lot of people reporting exposure to backyard chickens,” Nichols said. “We’ve also actually done some testing of live poultry that are in people’s backyards, and found that they were shedding the same strains of salmonella that people got sick with.”

To prevent the spread of salmonella, thoroughly wash your hands after contact with live poultry, and dry them with a dry towel. Experts suggest keeping dedicated pair of shoes for working in or around the coop.

And Nichols says that as cute as young ducklings or chicks might be, keep them out of your house to prevent possible contamination. About 4% of people who got sick with salmonella reported “snuggling or kissing their chicks or ducklings,” which she advises against.

Listen to the entire conversation with Dr. Megan Nichols, public health veterinarian with the Centers for Disease Control, above.
重点单词   查看全部解释    
blame [bleim]
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n. 过失,责备
vt. 把 ... 归咎于,
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contamination [kən.tæmi'neiʃən]
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n. 污染,污染物
 
coop [ku:p]
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n. 小屋,(鸡等)笼 vt. 关进鸡舍,关进
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dedicated ['dedi.keitid]
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adj. 专注的,献身的,专用的
 
control [kən'trəul]
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n. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置
vt. 控制
 
conversation [.kɔnvə'seiʃən]
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n. 会话,谈话
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district ['distrikt]
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n. 区,地区,行政区
vt. 把 ... 划
 
spread [spred]
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v. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒
n.
 
exposure [iks'pəuʒə]
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n. 面临(困难),显露,暴露,揭露,曝光
 
popular ['pɔpjulə]
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adj. 流行的,大众的,通俗的,受欢迎的
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