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密歇根新闻广播(MP3+文本):为什么政府需要全力应对退休金负债

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优乐娱乐参考文本(文本与音频不全一致,敬请谅解):What happens when a city can't keep its promises to retirees?

The result is one of the biggest problems facing our state, and the nation: unfunded pension liabilities.

Yet, most peoples' eyes sort of glaze over when those words unfunded pension liability start getting tossed around.
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Liz Farmer, finance writer for Governing Magazine, joined Stateside to explain what unfunded pension liabilities are and what they mean for Michigan, and for municipal workers and retirees.

Unfunded pension liabilities are "the amount of money that you don't have that you eventually need to pay your retirees," Farmer said.

"A lot of people like to look at the recession and point to that as the sole reason that so many pensions have these big unfunded liabilities," she said, "but ... the story started before that."

One reason this has happened over the last 10 to 15 years is that companies are not getting enough return on their investments. People expect pension funds to earn about 7-8% on average every year, but they've fallen short of that.

The Great Recession is another reason. It eliminated a big portion of those pension funds. Retirees are also living longer and, therefore, run up higher health care costs.

Listen to the full interview above to learn how widespread this problem is nationally and what impact this has on the state and its cities. Also, who's to blame and what's at stake if Michigan doesn't fix this problem?
重点单词   查看全部解释    
glaze [gleiz]
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v. 装以玻璃,上釉,变得光滑,变呆滞 n. 釉,覆罩的
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funds
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n. 基金;资金,现金(fund的复数) v. 提供资金
 
eventually [i'ventjuəli]
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adv. 终于,最后
 
portion ['pɔ:ʃən]
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n. 部分,份,命运,分担的责任
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widespread ['waidspred]
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adj. 分布(或散布)广的,普遍的
 
interview ['intəvju:]
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n. 接见,会见,面试,面谈
vt. 接见,采
 
blame [bleim]
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n. 过失,责备
vt. 把 ... 归咎于,
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stake [steik]
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n. 桩,赌注,利害关系
v. 下注,用桩支撑
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impact ['impækt,im'pækt]
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n. 冲击(力), 冲突,影响(力)
vt.
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liability [.laiə'biliti]
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n. 责任,可能性,债务,不利因素,倾向
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